Publications

[1] Loh, W.-Y., and Zhou, P. The GUIDE approach to subgroup identification. In Design and analysis of Subgroups with Biopharmaceutical Applications, N. Ting, J. C. Cappelleri, S. Ho, and D.-G. Chen, Eds., Emerging Topics in Statistics and Biostatistics. Springer, 2020. In press. [ bib | .pdf ]
[2] Loh, W.-Y., Man, M., and Wang, S. Subgroups from regression trees with adjustment for prognostic effects and post-selection inference. Statistics in Medicine 38 (2019), 545--557. [ bib | DOI | .pdf ]
[3] Loh, W.-Y., Eltinge, J., Cho, M. J., and Li, Y. Classification and regression trees and forests for incomplete data from sample surveys. Statistica Sinica 29 (2019), 431--453. [ bib | DOI | .pdf ]
[4] Loh, W.-Y., Cao, L., and Zhou, P. Subgroup identification for precision medicine: a comparative review of thirteen methods. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery 9, 5 (2019), e1326. [ bib | DOI | .pdf ]
[5] Kim, N., McCarthy, D. E., Loh, W.-Y., Cook, J. W., Piper, M. E., Schlam, T. R., and Baker, T. B. Predictors of adherence to nicotine replacement therapy: Machine learning evidence that perceived need predicts medication use. Drug and Alcohol Dependence (2019), 107668. [ bib | DOI | http ]
[6] Piper, M. E., Schlam, T. R., Cook, J. W., Smith, S. S., Bolt, D. M., Loh, W.-Y., Mermelstein, R., Collins, L. M., Fiore, M. C., and Baker, T. B. Toward precision smoking cessation treatment I: moderator results from a factorial experiment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 171 (2017), 59--65. [ bib | DOI ]
[7] Bolt, D. M., Dowling, N. M., Shih, Y.-S., and Loh, W.-Y. Using Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition to explore differential item functioning: Application to PISA 2009 reading. In Test fairness in the new generation of large-scale assessment, H. Jiao and R. W. Lissitz, Eds. Information Age Publisher, 2017. [ bib ]
[8] Baker, T. B., Smith, S. S., Bolt, D. M., Loh, W.-Y., Mermelstein, R., Fiore, M. C., Piper, M. E., and Collins, L. M. Implementing clinical research using factorial designs: A primer. Behavior Therapy 48 (2017), 567--580. [ bib | DOI ]
[9] Schlam, T., Fiore, M., Smith, S., Fraser, D., Bolt, D., Collins, L., Mermelstein, R., Piper, M., Cook, J., Jorenby, D., Loh, W.-Y., and Baker, T. Comparative effectiveness of intervention components for producing long-term abstinence from smoking: A factorial screening experiment. Addiction 111 (2016), 142--155. [ bib | DOI ]
[10] Piper, M. E., Fiore, M., Smith, S., Fraser, D., Bolt, D., Collins, L., Mermelstein, R., Schlam, T., Cook, J., Jorenby, D., Loh, W.-Y., and Baker, T. Identifying effective intervention components for smoking cessation: A factorial screening experiment. Addiction 111 (2016), 129--141. [ bib | DOI ]
[11] Loh, W.-Y., Fu, H., Man, M., Champion, V., and Yu, M. Identification of subgroups with differential treatment effects for longitudinal and multiresponse variables. Statistics in Medicine 35 (2016), 4837--4855. [ bib | DOI | .pdf ]
[12] El Asmar, M., Hanna, A. S., and Loh, W.-Y. Evaluating integrated project delivery using the project quarterback rating. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 142, 1 (2016). [ bib | DOI ]
[13] Cook, J., Collins, L., Fiore, M., Smith, S., Fraser, D., Bolt, D., Baker, T., Piper, M., Schlam, T., Jorenby, D., Loh, W.-Y., and Mermelstein, R. Comparative effectiveness of motivation phase intervention components for use with smokers unwilling to quit: A factorial screening experiment. Addiction 111 (2016), 117--128. [ bib | DOI ]
[14] Baker, T., Collins, L., Mermelstein, R., Piper, M., Schlam, T., Cook, J., Bolt, D., Smith, S., Jorenby, D., Fraser, D., Loh, W.-Y., Theobald, W., and Fiore, M. Enhancing the effectiveness of smoking treatment research: Conceptual bases and progress. Addiction 111 (2016), 107--116. [ bib | DOI ]
[15] Melas, I. N., Sakellaropoulos, T., Iorio, F., Alexopoulos, L. G., Loh, W.-Y., Lauffenburger, D. A., Saez-Rodriguez, J., and Bai, J. P. F. Identification of drug mode of action based on gene expression data: Application in drug induced lung injury. Integrative Biology 7 (2015), 904--920. [ bib | DOI | .pdf ]
[16] Loh, W.-Y., He, X., and Man, M. A regression tree approach to identifying subgroups with differential treatment effects. Statistics in Medicine 34 (2015), 1818--1833. [ bib | DOI | .pdf ]
[17] Stein, J. H., Asthana, A., Smith, S., Piper, M. E., Loh, W.-Y., Fiore, M. C., and Baker, T. B. Smoking cessation and the risk of diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose: three-year outcomes from a randomized clinical trial. PLOS ONE 9, 6 (2014), e98278. [ bib | DOI | http ]
[18] Loh, W.-Y. Fifty years of classification and regression trees (with discussion). International Statistical Review 34 (2014), 329--370. [ bib | DOI | .pdf ]
[19] Hur, J., Guo, A. Y., Loh, W.-Y., Feldman, E. L., and Bai, J. P. F. Integrated systems pharmacology analysis of clinical drug-induced peripheral neuropathy. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics: Systems Pharmacology and Pharmacometrics 3 (2014), e114. [ bib | DOI | http ]
[20] Whited, G. C., Stenhaug, B. A., and Loh, W.-Y. Probing Portland cement concrete pavement for thickness determination in Wisconsin. Transportation Research Record 2347 (2013), 41--51. [ bib ]
[21] Loh, W.-Y., and Zheng, W. Regression trees for longitudinal and multiresponse data. Annals of Applied Statistics 7 (2013), 495--522. [ bib | DOI | .pdf ]
[22] El Asmar, M., Lotfallah, W. B., Loh, W.-Y., and Hanna, A. S. Reducing bias and uncertainty in multi-evaluator multi-criterion decision making. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering 27 (2013), 167--176. [ bib ]
[23] El Asmar, M., Hanna, A. S., and Loh, W.-Y. Quantifying performance for integrated project delivery system as compared to established delivery systems. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 139, 11 (2013). [ bib | DOI ]
[24] Loh, W.-Y., Piper, M. E., Schlam, T. R., Fiore, M. C., Smith, S. S., Jorenby, D. E., Cook, J. W., Bolt, D. M., and Baker, T. B. Should all smokers use combination smoking cessation pharmacotherapy? Using novel analytic methods to detect differential treatment effects over eight weeks of pharmacotherapy. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 14 (2012), 131--141. [ bib | DOI | http ]
[25] Loh, W.-Y. Variable selection for classification and regression in large p, small n problems. In Probability Approximations and Beyond (New York, 2012), A. Barbour, H. P. Chan, and D. Siegmund, Eds., vol. 205 of Lecture Notes in Statistics---Proceedings, Springer, pp. 133--157. [ bib | .pdf ]
[26] El Asmar, M., Lotfallah, W. B., Loh, W.-Y., and Hanna, A. S. Uncertainty reduction in multi-evaluator decision making. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering 26 (2012), 105--112. [ bib | DOI ]
[27] Baker, T. B., Piper, M. E., Schlam, T. R., Cook, J. W., Smith, S. S., Loh, W.-Y., and Bolt, D. Are tobacco dependence and withdrawal related amongst heavy smokers? Relevance to conceptualizations of dependence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 121 (2012), 909--921. [ bib | DOI | http ]
[28] Piper, M. E., Schlam, T. R., Cook, J. W., Sheffer, M. A., Smith, S. S., Loh, W.-Y., Bolt, D. M., Kim, S., Kaye, J. T., Hefner, K. R., and Baker, T. B. Tobacco withdrawal components and their relations with cessation success. Psychopharmacology 216 (2011), 569--578. [ bib | DOI | http ]
[29] Piper, M. E., Loh, W.-Y., Smith, S., S., Japuntich, J., S., and Baker, T. B. Using decision tree analysis to identify risk factors for relapse to smoking. Substance Use and Misuse 46, 4 (2011), 492--510. [ bib | DOI | http ]
[30] Nasief, H. G., Whited, G. C., and Loh, W.-Y. Wisconsin method for probing Portland cement concrete pavement for thickness. Transportation Research Record 2228 (2011), 99--107. [ bib | DOI ]
[31] Loh, W.-Y. Classification and regression trees. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery 1 (2011), 14--23. [ bib | DOI | .pdf ]
[32] Piper, M. E., Cook, J. W., Schlam, T. R., Jorenby, D. E., Smith, S. S., Bolt, D. M., and Loh, W.-Y. Gender, race, and education differences in abstinence rates among participants in two randomized smoking cessation trials. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 12, 6 (2010), 647--657. [ bib | DOI | http ]
[33] Loh, W.-Y. Tree-structured classifiers. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Computational Statistics 2 (2010), 364--369. [ bib | DOI | .pdf ]
[34] Lee, C., Ran, B., Yang, F., and Loh, W.-Y. A hybrid tree approach to modeling alternate route choice behavior with online information. Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems: Technology, Planning, and Operations 14 (2010), 209--219. [ bib | DOI ]
[35] Loh, W.-Y., and Zheng, W. On bootstrap tests of hypotheses. In Optimality: Third E. L. Lehmann Symposium (2009), J. Rojo, Ed., vol. 57 of IMS Lecture Notes-Monograph Series, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, pp. 93--116. [ bib | DOI ]
[36] Loh, W.-Y. Improving the precision of classification trees. Annals of Applied Statistics 3 (2009), 1710--1737. [ bib | DOI | .pdf ]
[37] Kara, A. B., Wallcraft, A. J., Hurlburt, H. E., and Loh, W.-Y. Which surface atmospheric variable drives the seasonal cycle of sea surface temperature over the global ocean? Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 114, D5 (2009). [ bib | DOI ]
[38] Kara, A. B., Wallcraft, A. J., Hurlburt, H. E., and Loh, W.-Y. Quantifying SST errors from an OGCM in relation to atmospheric forcing variables. Ocean Modelling 29 (2009), 43--57. [ bib | DOI ]
[39] Loh, W.-Y. Regression by parts: Fitting visually interpretable models with GUIDE. In Handbook of Data Visualization, C. Chen, W. Härdle, and A. Unwin, Eds. Springer, 2008, pp. 447--469. [ bib | .pdf ]
[40] Loh, W.-Y. Classification and regression tree methods. In Encyclopedia of Statistics in Quality and Reliability, F. Ruggeri, R. Kenett, and F. W. Faltin, Eds. Wiley, Chichester, UK, 2008, pp. 315--323. [ bib | .pdf ]
[41] Lee, C., Loh, W.-Y., Qin, X., and Sproul, M. Development of new performance measure for winter maintenance using vehicle speed data. Transportation Research Record 2055 (2008), 89--98. [ bib | DOI ]
[42] Loh, W.-Y., Chen, C.-W., and Zheng, W. Extrapolation errors in linear model trees. ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data 1, 2 (2007). [ bib | DOI | .pdf ]
[43] Kim, H., Loh, W.-Y., Shih, Y.-S., and Chaudhuri, P. Visualizable and interpretable regression models with good prediction power. IIE Transactions 39 (2007), 565--579. [ bib | DOI | .pdf ]
[44] Kara, A. B., Hurlburt, H. E., and Loh, W.-Y. Which near–surface atmospheric variable drives air–sea temperature differences over the global ocean? Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 112, C5 (2007). [ bib | DOI | http ]
[45] Loh, W.-Y. Regression tree models for designed experiments. In Second E. L. Lehmann Symposium (2006), J. Rojo, Ed., vol. 49 of IMS Lecture Notes-Monograph Series, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, pp. 210--228. [ bib | DOI | http ]
[46] Loh, W.-Y. Box-Cox transformations II. In Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences, S. Kotz, C. B. Read, N. Balakrishnan, and B. Vidakovic, Eds., 2nd ed., vol. 1. Wiley, Hoboken, 2006, pp. 637--644. [ bib ]
[47] Loh, W.-Y. Logistic regression tree analysis. In Handbook of Engineering Statistics, H. Pham, Ed. Springer, 2006, pp. 537--549. [ bib | .pdf ]
[48] Cho, K., and Loh, W.-Y. Bias and convergence rate of the coverage probability of prediction intervals in Box-Cox transformed linear models. Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference 136 (2005), 3614--3624. [ bib ]
[49] Lee, M. J., Hanna, A. S., and Loh, W.-Y. Decision tree approach to classify and quantify cumulative impact of change orders on productivity. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering 18 (2004), 132--144. [ bib ]
[50] Chan, K.-Y., and Loh, W.-Y. LOTUS: An algorithm for building accurate and comprehensible logistic regression trees. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics 13 (2004), 826--852. [ bib | .pdf ]
[51] Kim, H., and Loh, W.-Y. Classification trees with bivariate linear discriminant node models. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics 12 (2003), 512--530. [ bib | .pdf ]
[52] Loh, W.-Y. Regression trees with unbiased variable selection and interaction detection. Statistica Sinica 12 (2002), 361--386. [ bib | http ]
[53] Ganti, V., Gehrke, J., Ramakrishnan, R., and Loh, W.-Y. A framework for measuring differences in data characteristics. Journal of Computer and System Sciences 64 (2002), 542--578. [ bib ]
[54] Chaudhuri, P., and Loh, W.-Y. Nonparametric estimation of conditional quantiles using quantile regression trees. Bernoulli 8 (2002), 561--576. [ bib | .pdf ]
[55] Kim, H., and Loh, W.-Y. Classification trees with unbiased multiway splits. Journal of the American Statistical Association 96 (2001), 589--604. [ bib | .pdf ]
[56] Cho, K., Yeo, I., Johnson, R. A., and Loh, W.-Y. Prediction interval estimation in transformed linear models. Statistics and Probability Letters 51 (2001), 345--350. [ bib ]
[57] Cho, K., Yeo, I., Johnson, R. A., and Loh, W.-Y. Asymptotic theory for Box-Cox transformations in linear models. Statistics and Probability Letters 51 (2001), 337--343. [ bib ]
[58] Lim, T.-S., Loh, W.-Y., and Shih, Y.-S. A comparison of prediction accuracy, complexity, and training time of thirty-three old and new classification algorithms. Machine Learning Journal 40 (2000), 203--228. [ bib | .pdf ]
[59] Gehrke, J., Ganti, V., Ramakrishnan, R., and Loh, W.-Y. BOAT---Optimistic decision tree construction. In SIGMOD 1999, Proceedings ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data, June 1-3, 1999, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA (1999), A. Delis, C. Faloutsos, and S. Ghandeharizadeh, Eds., ACM Press, pp. 169--180. [ bib ]
[60] Ganti, V., Gehrke, J., Ramakrishnan, R., and Loh, W.-Y. A framework for measuring changes in data characteristics. In Proceedings of the Eighteenth ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD-SIGART Symposium on Principles of Database Systems, May 31--June 2, 1999, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1999), ACM Press, pp. 126--137. [ bib ]
[61] Zheng, X., and Loh, W.-Y. A consistent variable selection criterion for linear models with high-dimensional covariates. Statistica Sinica 7 (1997), 311--325. [ bib ]
[62] Loh, W.-Y., and Shih, Y.-S. Split selection methods for classification trees. Statistica Sinica 7 (1997), 815--840. [ bib | http ]
[63] Lim, T.-S., and Loh, W.-Y. A comparison of tests of equality of variances. Computational Statistics and Data Analysis 22 (1996), 287--301. [ bib ]
[64] Zheng, X., and Loh, W.-Y. Consistent variable selection in linear models. Journal of the American Statistical Association 90 (1995), 151--156. [ bib ]
[65] Zheng, X., and Loh, W.-Y. Bootstrapping binomial confidence intervals. Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference 43 (1995), 355--380. [ bib ]
[66] Chaudhuri, P., Lo, W.-D., Loh, W.-Y., and Yang, C.-C. Generalized regression trees. Statistica Sinica 5 (1995), 641--666. [ bib | http ]
[67] Loh, W.-Y., and Zheng, X. Bias and variance reduction in estimation of model dimension. Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society 122 (1994), 1263--1272. [ bib ]
[68] Chaudhuri, P., Huang, M.-C., Loh, W.-Y., and Yao, R. Piecewise-polynomial regression trees. Statistica Sinica 4 (1994), 143--167. [ bib | http ]
[69] Ahn, H., and Loh, W.-Y. Tree-structured proportional hazards regression modeling. Biometrics 50 (1994), 471--485. [ bib ]
[70] Loh, W.-Y., and Yu, X. Bounds on the size of the likelihood ratio test of independence in a contingency table. Journal of Multivariate Analysis 45 (1993), 291--304. [ bib ]
[71] Qu, P., and Loh, W.-Y. Application of Box-Cox transformations to discrimination for the two-class problem. Communications in Statistics (Theory and Methods) 21 (1992), 2757--2774. [ bib ]
[72] Loh, W.-Y. Identification of active contrasts in unreplicated factorial experiments. Computational Statistics and Data Analysis 14 (1992), 135--148. [ bib ]
[73] Loh, W.-Y. Review of Fang, Kotz, and Ng: Symmetric Multivariate and Related Distributions. Technometrics 34 (1992), 235. [ bib ]
[74] Chen, H., and Loh, W.-Y. Bounds on AREs of tests following Box-Cox transformations. Annals of Statistics 20 (1992), 1485--1500. [ bib ]
[75] Loh, W.-Y. Survival modeling through recursive stratification. Computational Statistics and Data Analysis 12 (1991), 295--313. [ bib ]
[76] Loh, W.-Y. Bootstrap calibration for confidence interval construction and selection. Statistica Sinica 1 (1991), 477--491. [ bib | http ]
[77] Chen, H., and Loh, W.-Y. Consistency of the bootstrap for the transformed two-sample t-test. Communications in Statistics (Theory and Methods) 20 (1991), 997--1014. [ bib ]
[78] Lehmann, E. L., and Loh, W.-Y. Pointwise versus uniform robustness of some large-sample tests and confidence intervals. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics 17 (1990), 177--187. [ bib ]
[79] Chen, H., and Loh, W.-Y. Uniform robustness against nonnormality of the t and F tests. Communications in Statistics (Theory and Methods) 19 (1990), 3707--3727. [ bib ]
[80] Wolberg, W. H., Tanner, M. A., and Loh, W.-Y. Fine needle aspiration for breast mass diagnosis. Archives of Surgery 124 (1989), 814--818. [ bib ]
[81] Loh, W.-Y. Bounds on the size of the χ2-test of independence in a contingency table. Annals of Statistics 17 (1989), 1709--1722. [ bib ]
[82] Kademan, E., Loh, W.-Y., and Vanichsetakul, N. An improved version of FACT with S front-end. American Statistician 43 (1989), 273. [ bib ]
[83] Wolberg, W. H., Tanner, M. A., and Loh, W.-Y. Diagnostic schemes for fine needle aspirates of breast masses. Analytical and Quantitative Cytology and Histology 10 (1988), 225--228. [ bib ]
[84] Loh, W.-Y., and Vanichsetakul, N. Tree-structured classification via generalized discriminant analysis (with discussion). Journal of the American Statistical Association 83 (1988), 715--728. [ bib | .pdf ]
[85] Loh, W.-Y. Review of Meulman: A Distance Approach to Nonlinear Multivariate Analysis. Journal of the American Statistical Association 83 (1988), 913. [ bib ]
[86] Loh, W.-Y. Discussion of Hall: Theoretical comparison of bootstrap confidence intervals. Annals of Statistics 16 (1988), 972--976. [ bib ]
[87] Wolberg, W. H., Tanner, M. A., Loh, W.-Y., and Vanichsetakul, N. Statistical approach to fine needle aspiration diagnosis of breast masses. Acta Cytologica 31 (1987), 737--741. [ bib ]
[88] Loh, W.-Y., and Wu, C. F. J. Discussion of Efron: Better bootstrap confidence intervals. Journal of the American Statistical Association 82 (1987), 188--190. [ bib ]
[89] Loh, W.-Y. Some modifications of Levene's test of variance homogeneity. Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation 28 (1987), 213--226. [ bib ]
[90] Loh, W.-Y. Does the correlation coefficient really measure the degree of clustering around a line? Journal of Educational Statistics 12 (1987), 235--239. [ bib ]
[91] Loh, W.-Y. Calibrating confidence coefficients. Journal of the American Statistical Association 82 (1987), 155--162. [ bib | .pdf ]
[92] Loh, W.-Y. Improved estimators for ratios of variance components. Journal of the American Statistical Association 81 (1986), 699--702. [ bib ]
[93] Loh, W.-Y. Testing multivariate normality by simulation. Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation 26 (1986), 243--252. [ bib ]
[94] Loh, W.-Y. A new method for testing separate families of hypotheses. Journal of the American Statistical Association 80 (1985), 362--368. [ bib ]
[95] Loh, W.-Y. A note on the geometry of Kullback-Leibler information numbers. Communications in Statistics (Theory and Methods) 14 (1985), 895--904. [ bib ]
[96] Loh, W.-Y. The Cauchy mean value property for M-estimates. Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference 12 (1985), 265--267. [ bib ]
[97] Loh, W.-Y. Strong unimodality and scale mixtures. Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics 36 (1984), 441--449. [ bib ]
[98] Loh, W.-Y. Partially adaptive robust estimators of location via exponential embedding. Communications in Statistics (Theory and Methods) 13 (1984), 2549--2570. [ bib ]
[99] Loh, W.-Y. Random quotients and robust estimation. Communications in Statistics (Theory and Methods) 13 (1984), 2757--2769. [ bib ]
[100] Loh, W.-Y. A new generalization of the class of NBU distributions. IEEE Transactions on Reliability R-33 (1984), 419--422. [ bib ]
[101] Loh, W.-Y. Estimating an endpoint of a distribution with resampling methods. Annals of Statistics 12 (1984), 1543--1550. [ bib ]
[102] Loh, W.-Y. Bounds on AREs for restricted classes of distributions defined via tail-orderings. Annals of Statistics 12 (1984), 685--701. [ bib ]

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